Congress Quiz Answers

Slide 1   Q 1 What is this? A1 A wooden stethoscope (mid-19th century)

               Q 2 Who is credited with its invention?  A2 René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826)

Slide 2   Q 3 What is this? A3 A bow dental drill

               Q 4   When approximately was it made? A4 19th century

               Q 5   What are the handles made from? A5 Ivory

Slide 3   Q 6 What was this used for? A6 A bleeding bowl used for collecting blood from venesection

                Q 7   Where was it made?   A7 Made in Japan

Slide 4   Q 8   What are these called?  A8 Fleams

               Q 9 What were they used for? A9 Venesection

               Q 10 When approximately were they made? A10 1800

               Q 11 What are the handles made from? A11 Tortoiseshell

Slide 5   Q 12 Whose name is associated with this equipment? A12 Joseph Lister (1827-1912)

               Q 13 What was it used for? A13 A Carbolic spray for use in Operating Theatres

Slide 6   Q 14 What are these called? A14 Schimmelbusch masks

               Q 15 What were they used for? A15 General anaesthesia. Mask covered with gauze. Placed on the face of the patient, who was anaesthetised by inhaling the vapour of ether dropped on the gauze.

Slide 7   Q 16 What was this used for A16 Musket ball extractor

Slide 8   Q 17 What procedure is being depicted? A17 Tooth transplantation

                Q 18 What is the significance of the central blackened figure? A18 The young chimney sweep is selling his teeth for transplantation into fashionable ladies.

               Q 19 Who was the artist? A19 Thomas Rowlandson (1756-1827)

Slide 9   Q 20 What is the name of the painting?  A20 The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

               Q 21 In which city did the event portrayed take place? A21 Amsterdam

               Q 22 Who was the artist? A22 Rembrandt (1606-1669)

Slide 10 Q 23 Who is portrayed?  A23 Robert Knox (1793-1862)

                Q 24 Who were the photographers? A24 David Octavius Hill (1802-1870) and Robert Adamson (1821-1848)

                Q 25 In which decade was the photograph taken? A25 1840s (probably 1843)

Slide 11  Q 26 Who was the surgeon? A26 Baron Dominique Jean Larrey (1776-1842)

                Q 27 What did he pioneer that reduced battlefield mortality? A27 Ambulance volante or flying    ambulance   

                Q 28 On which English writer did he perform a mastectomy? A28 Fanny Burney (1752-1840)

Slide 12  Q 29 What is it?   A29 A Microscope

                 Q 30 Whose name is associated with it?   A30 Anthony van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)

                Q 31 Who made the original?  A31 He made his own equipment

Slide 13  Q 32 What caused the fracture? A32 An attack by a lion

                Q 33 Who was the patient? A33 David Livingstone (1813-1873)

Slide 14  Q 34  Who was she?  A34 Sophia Jex Blake (1840-1912)

                Q 35 With the founding of which medical school for women was she associated in 1874?     A35 London School of Medicine for Women (with Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, Emily Blackwell, Elizabeth Blackwell and Thomas Henry Huxley)

                 Q 36 With the founding of which medical school for women was she associated in 1886?   A36 Edinburgh School of Medicine for Women

Slide 15  Q 37 In which Scottish city was this image produced? A37 Aberdeen

                Q 38 Who led the research that pioneered this work? A38 John Mallard (1927- ) and colleagues, University of Aberdeen

Slide 16  Q 39  What modern device developed from this? A39 Ultrasound scanner

                Q 40 Which obstetrician was associated with its development? A40 Ian Donald (1910-1987)

                Q 41 In which Scottish city did he work? A41 Glasgow

Slide 17 Q 42 Who was the author? A42 AJ Cronin (1896-1981)

               Q 43 What was the title of his best-known book? A43 The Citadel

Slide 18 Q 44 Who was the poet? A44 Robert Bridges (1844-1930)

                Q 45 At which London hospital did he work before he became Poet Laureate?  A45 St Bartholomew’s Hospital (or Royal Northern Hospital, or the Hospital for Sick Children)                                                                                                                             

Slide 19 Q 46 Who was the explorer? A46 Mungo Park (1771-1806)

               Q 47 Which continent did he explore? A47 Africa

               Q 48 In which Scottish town is his statue? A48 Selkirk

Slide 20 Q 49 Who was the inspiration for it? A49 Maggie Keswick Jencks (1941-1995)

                Q 50 Where is it? A50 Western General Hospital, Edinburgh.